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About the Essays

Selected essays 2017 + some info Starting from 2015 we introduce a new way of training essay writing, reviewing  and oral presentation. In the first week you choose a subject (from a list of topics related to this course) that should be the content of the essay. You will get an introductory lecture on Information Retrieval using the Lund University Library resources. The lecture also includes Scientific Writing and Academic Conduct. During the lecture you will use your own essay for the exercises.

1) Select the topic and start to write the essay that should be like a small “scientific” paper.

2) When almost ready, you should give a short oral presentation (quick and catchy..) 

3) When finished with the essay, you hand in your version for a peer review to be done by your student fellows using a given template.

4) Based on their comments you refine your essay to a final paper that the lecturers of the course will grade.



1a) Writing the essay

Organize your “scientific” essay in a logical way using the model below and keep it on a level that corresponds to your fellow students. Assume that you in the essay are going to describe the topic for a student that has the same educational background as you but has not followed this course in Applied Subatomic Physics. The length of the paper should be typically 2000 words, properly designed.

Use the template for peer review to look on your own essay with the eyes of a reviewer!

Each paper should include:

• An appropriate title
• Name and e-mail address of the author

Abstract (here you give a short summary of the paper).
Introduction (in this section you provide an adequate background and state the objectives of the paper).
Materials/ Methods  (in this section you describe methods/ technologies used).  
“Your topic” (here you describe your topic with proper references).
Discussion/ Analysis or similar where you formulate a synthesis and your own viewpoint of the topic. This is important for the grade of the essay!
Summary and conclusions.
References at the end of the paper.

Be accurate with references and remember to use citation marks in the text if you borrow "good sentences" from other sources. This is also important in figures that are not your own!

There are different conventions on how to write references; however, in this task you should use the following model:  
Assume that there in the text is a reference to a paper by Purser and co-authors, published in 1977. It is written in the text as:
“One important discovery was that 14N does not form negative ions (Purser et al., 1977).”

In the reference list at the end of the document, order the references alphabetically in the following format:
Authors. Publishing year. Title of paper. Journal title followed by journal number: page numbers.

Purser KH, Liebert RB, Litherland AE, Benkens RP, Gove HE, Bennett CL, Clover MR, Sondheim WE. 1977. An attempt to detect stable N- ions from a sputter ion source and some implications of the results for the design of tandems for ultra-sensitive carbon analysis. Rev Phys Appl 12:1487–1492.

1b) Peer review of the essays

The reviewing is a pedagogical task with the intention to train your abilities as both an author and as an oral presenter in front of a small group of people. With the aid of a template you learn how to evaluate the papers and presentations from your co-students, and directly or indirectly starts to apply that knowledge to your own assignments.

After getting the reviewing feedback, you have the possibility to change your papers before handing in the final version. There is a “tight schedule” in order to be ready in time and also be able to use the feedback.



1c) Organizing the Essay review

You will get two essays to review, please download and use “Template for peer review”. Follow the instructions, fill in the form and write constructive comments to the author. When you are finished, return the review to the author and also send one copy to me so that I can keep track of the process.

Important dates 2015:

Hand in your version to be reviewed by Friday February 27. 
Return the evaluated essays (the comments) no later than March 3.
Correct your own essay and send to me no later than March 9.



Selectable Titles/ Still to be completed ...



Academic Conduct (hederlighet)

Within both Academia and also generally in the society as a whole, there is an increased focus on the concept of originality – that what is written in a text is the product of the author and that contributions from others – being ideas, concepts or text formulations are given their proper citations and references. 

As a support for this, there will be an introduction and an exercise on literature searching using the Lund University Library, and new from this year is that the papers should be checked with the software URKUND, that is a web-based facility to counteract plagiarism. 

Please visit the homepage (English version) or (in Swedish) to read more about the motivation and philosophy behind the software. Especially important is to read the Urkund Plagiarism Handbook: or

Also listen to a short talk by the former Rector of the Lund university, Göran Bexell at


Library resources